The effects of AIDS/HIV in Africa

HIV and Aids in Africa

Africa is the region most affected by HIV and AIDS in the world. Approximately 22.4 million people, which is around two thirds of the global total of people living with HIV, can be found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone.

The spread of AIDS/HIV in Africa, and the resulting death toll, varies between African countries. Somalia and Senegal are the least affected with only 1% of the adult population suffering from HIV. The percentage rises up to 15%– 20% of adults in Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Three southern African countries, namely Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland have an HIV prevalence rate exceeding 20%. In comparison,

We need LOVE to win against AIDS

HIV and AIDS seems to be less prevalent in West Africa. Some countries, however, are experiencing the rampant spread of HIV. In Nigeria, there are around 2.6 million people affected with HIV.

What mainly causes the prevalence of AIDS/HIV in Africa?

Primarily, there is not enough money to prevent the disease. Prevention methods mainly include education, condom use and testing and counseling. Unfortunately, these methods are rarely available in Africa. Due to a lack of HIV education, the people are unable to understand the implications of their lifestyles and are, thus, unable to change their behavior to stop the spread of the disease.

Consequently, the continuous rise in HIV and AIDS prevalence in Africa has had a dire effect on its society as a whole. First, there is an effect on life expectancy. Millions of people die from AIDS at a young age. Life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is now averaging at 47 years. Without AIDS, it could have risen to 62 years.

The AIDS epidemic also has a harsh effect on households. Many families lose their bread winners. Children with parents affected with AIDS end up as orphans, having no choice but to fend for themselves. Similarly, there has also been a dire effect on labor and productivity. This, in turn, negatively impacts economic activity and social progress. Most of the people living with HIV and AIDS are in their late teens to early fifties, which is usually the working class. Employers and institutions have to acquire new staff in order to replace those who have become too sick to work.

Finally, it is hard to ignore the effect on the health sector, because there are a greater number of health care workers affected due to the epidemic.

International support has been provided in order to help Africa in the fight against HIV and AIDS. A prime example is the Global Fund, which was initiated in 2001 and has since collected over US $7 billion to help fight AIDS, TB and Malaria in over 130 countries. Even though this funding has been positively effective in helping Africa, more money is still needed because of the huge scale of the epidemic in the country.

Providing a solution to the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Africa is a long-term task that needs efforts not only from the country itself, but from the international community as well. Africa and its people can only continue to strive and hope for the best.

References:

https://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-africa.htm

https://aids.about.com/cs/aidsfactsheets/a/africa.htm

Why international students love the United Kingdom

If you are considering to study in the UK, look no further. You just have found numerous reasons to study in London, the best city on Earth!

Here are top 10 facts about studying in London

  1. London is the top choice for international students looking to study abroad. Over 100,000 international students are studying in London every year. International students come from over 200 different nations, making London a global, vibrant and diverse city.
  2. There are over 45 universities in London, including top multi-faculty universities and world-class specialist institutions.
  3. Several of the best universities in the world are located in London, including four of the Times Higher Education top 40 universities.
  4. London universities offer over 30,000 courses from accounting, business, engineering and law to marketing, medicine, politics and zoology.
  5. Universities in London have a combined research income of over £500 million ($820 million), attracting not only the brightest students but also renowned academics from across the globe.
  6. Current and past students and staff at London universities have been involved in many discoveries that have shaped modern life, including the discovery of DNA, fingerprints and penicillin.
  7. London is a centre for academic excellence. Over 70 Nobel Prize laureates have studied or worked at a London university.
  8. London offers outstanding academic support and facilities for students. There are over 120 different libraries, including the British Library which houses over 150 million books. Three million new items are added to the collection of the British Library every year.
  9. London’s cultural offering is ideal for students who are looking for a culturally enriching study experience. There are over 1,000 museums and galleries in London, and most of them are free!
  10. London is a great place for students to have fun. There are over 100 cinemas to watch the latest movies, over 100 parks to enjoy the British sunshine, over 350 live music venues to discover the latest bands, over 5,000 restaurants to enjoy food from around the world and over 7,000 bars and pubs to have fun with your friends.

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Students can improve academic levels by quitting social media, survey finds

By devoting less time to Facebook and other social networking sites, students with below-average grades could boost their results, says a recent study.

The study, led by Dr James Wakefield from the University of Technology Sydney (UTS), looked at the amount of time first-year university students spent on Facebook, and the impact it had on their grades.

The research showed that while high achieving students were not affected by the amount of time on Facebook, below-average students had significantly lower grades with greater Facebook use.

“Our research shows time spent on social networking platforms puts lower academic achievers at higher risk of failing their course,” said Dr Wakefield.

Students taking part in the study spent on average nearly two hours a day on Facebook, however, some were on the social networking site in excess of eight hours a day.

“Lower achieving students may already be grappling with self-regulation and focus, so it seems time spent on Facebook provides a further distraction from studies,” Dr Wakefield said.

“We found that if they used Facebook for three hours a day — not substantially higher than the average of just under two hours — the difference was around six marks in a 60 mark exam or 10%,” added Dr Wakefield.

The research, recently published in — Computers and Education — with co-author Dr Jessica Frawley from the University of Sydney, aims to help Quitting Facebook can escalate exam results below average students better understand the impact of social networking use on a student’s educational achievement.

While the research applies to university students studying STEM and business degrees, it is likely to also be relevant to high school students who use social media.

More than 500 students enrolled in the first year subject ‘Introductory Accounting’ at an Australian university took part in the study, with an average age of 19.

Researchers assessed the students’ general academic achievement using their weighted average mark (WAM) across all of their studies and surveyed them about their Facebook use.

They also controlled for other factors that might influence their achievements, such as whether they were planning to major in accounting, as well as their age and gender.

“Unlike other research on social networking use, we were able to tease out the differing impact on above-average students compared to below-average students,” Dr Wakefield said.

“It appears that for students with lower academic achievement, the use of social networking sites replaces study time, whereas high achieving students are able to juggle both,” he said.

Dr Wakefield says students with below-average grades would benefit from switching off notifications on their phones, and either quitting or reducing time spent on Facebook.

“Try to get into a mode where you can study without looking at your phone or logging on to social networking sites,” he suggested.

Dr Wakefield also recommended educators avoid using social networking sites to communicate with students regarding assignments and learning activities.

“Some educators have embraced sites such as Facebook as a tool for engagement, learning and group assignments,” said Dr Wakefield.

“However our research suggests educators should use Facebook only for a specific purpose, rather than to communicate with students more generally,” he said.

The research also looked at why students were using Facebook — whether to keep in touch with family and friends, for entertainment or for study purposes.

However, even when students used Facebook primarily for educational purposes, it was still a problem for lower-performing students.

Amazing facts to blow your mind

The words ‘you’ and ‘ewe’ are pronounced in the same way, yet they have no words in common. Whereas ‘Io’ is the shortest two-syllable word in the English language.

If you want to learn to spell better, remember that visual memory is strong. Try to post pictures of the words themselves as well as images that correspond to those words.

Avocados are an ancient crop, dating back thousands of years. In fact, biologists suggest the avocado stone was so big so that it could survive the digestion tract of dinosaurs! Think of that next time you chow down on your morning avocado. It has been cultivated and enjoyed by pre-European communities. Indeed, it was the Aztecs who introduced that lovely guac to the rest of the world.

The English language has borrowed a lot of words from French. For example, the word ‘menu’, ‘RSVP’ which means répondez s’il vous plait (respond please!), chaise lounge, Crème brûlée, to name just a few.

The word ‘plumber’ has a silent b in there because it comes from the Roman/Latin word ‘plumbum’ meaning lead piping used by plumbers.

The Burj Khalifa was named after the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the King President of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

The Burj Khalifa is not only the tallest building in the world, but it also holds the world record for: the tallest freestanding structure in the world, highest outdoor observation deck in the world, highest number of stories in the world, highest occupied floor in the world, elevator with longest travel distance in the world, and tallest service elevator in the world.

The English language borrows from the French a lot. The word in question is one example, meaning memory à la française. For example, “Closing his eyes, he bowed a la francaise, without taking leave, and trying to attract as little attention as possible, he left the room.” The phrase simply means “in or according to the French manner or style.”

10 Facts that you may not know

Apples, not caffeine, are more efficient at waking you up in the morning.

2. Alfred Hitchcock didn’t have a belly button.

3. A pack-a-day smoker will lose approximately 2 teeth every 10 years.

4. People do not get sick from cold weather; it’s from being indoors a lot more.

5. When you sneeze, all bodily functions stop, even your heart!

6. Only 7 per cent of the population are lefties.

7. Forty people are sent to the hospital for dog bites every minute.

8. Babies are born without kneecaps. They don’t appear until they are 2-6 years old.

9. The average person over 50 will have spent 5 years waiting in lines.

10. The toothbrush was invented in 1498.

Obama Foundation and University of Chicago grooming future international leaders

 

The Obama Foundation

The Obama Foundation and University of Chicago announced their partnership, a new academic program at the Harris School of Public Policy that supports the next generation of leaders towards making an impact on issues in their communities and around the world.

According to the organizations, students in the Obama Foundation Scholars Program at Harris will pursue a master’s degree with an emphasis on international development and policy. Students will also participate in a range of leadership activities outside the classroom led by the Obama Foundation. Some of these Foundation activities will include experiences throughout Chicago and the South Side.

By engaging with the local community, students will have the opportunity to complement what they learn in the classroom and also to bring their unique perspectives to Chicago.

The program will provide leaders from across the globe with the skills, tools, and experiences to expand the impact of their work at home. It will build relationships that reach across issues and borders, and build a global network that is committed to working together on solutions to address the most pressing challenges of our time.

“This will be an impactful opportunity for emerging leaders from across the globe,” said Daniel Diermeier, Provost of the University of Chicago and the David Lee Shillinglaw Distinguished Service Professor at Harris.

“The Harris School is known for educating leaders using rigorous, evidence-based approaches to confront the world’s most pressing problems. The Obama Foundation will provide unique and innovative opportunities to apply that learning outside the classroom and to build a global network. The result is a program that will equip a new generation of leaders to have a positive impact on a global scale.”

“The University of Chicago is where President and Mrs. Obama worked with students and future leaders for many years, so the opportunity to establish a world-class program to train the next generation of leaders there is particularly exciting for them personally,” said David Simas, CEO of the Obama Foundation.

“The Obama Foundation is committed to inspiring and empowering emerging leaders around the world, and Harris has extraordinary resources to help young people gain new skills that will help them promote positive change.

“We look forward to working with Harris to welcome these talented men and women into the University of Chicago and broader Chicago community.”

The Obama Foundation Scholars Program will provide full scholarships and stipends for living expenses to 25 students in its first year–which began in the fall of 2018. The program will aim to attract individuals from a wide range of backgrounds, including community leaders, entrepreneurs, and people in public service. Candidates for the program will be selected based on the work they are already doing on an issue of global importance and their demonstrated dedication to making a meaningful contribution to that issue and their community. The skills they develop and experiences they have as Obama Foundation Scholars will accelerate their progress and help take their work to the next level.

The Obama Foundation’s mission is to inspire, empower, and connect the next generation of civic leaders. In the last year, the Obama Foundation hosted a global summit in Chicago, training days in Boston, Chicago, and Tempe for local young leaders, and events with emerging leaders in Brazil, Indonesia, Germany, and India.

The Obama Foundation is developing the Obama Presidential Center on Chicago’s South Side. Applicants who are selected for the scholars program will join Harris’ diverse community, including alumni representing 36 countries. The scholars will study with leading academics from Harris and across UChicago in such fields as international development, economics, and global conflict.

“We are thrilled to be able to welcome a new cohort of rising international leaders to our growing Harris community,” said Katherine Baicker, Dean of the Harris School and the Emmett Dedmon Professor.

“What unites our faculty, students, and alumni is a desire to effect change on a global scale, using today’s best science to improve policy and improve lives. At a time of great and urgent need for policy innovation, ours is a home for new data-driven solutions to international policy issues across sectors and around the world.”

15 incredible facts you should know

 

Incredible facts

Do you know that in the weightlessness of space, a frozen pea will explode if it comes in contact with Pepsi?

The increased electricity used by modern appliance parts is causing a shift in the Earth’s magnetic field. By the year 2327, the North Pole will be located in mid-Kansas, while the South Pole will be just off the coast of East Africa.

The idea for “tribbles” in “Star Trek” came from gerbils, since some gerbils are actually born pregnant.

Male rhesus monkeys often hang from tree branches by their amazing prehensile penises.

Johnny Plessey batted .331 for the Cleveland Spiders in 1891, even though he spent the entire season batting with a rolled-up, lacquered copy of the Toledo Post-Dispatch.

Smearing a small amount of dog feces on an insect bite will relieve the itching and swelling.

The Boeing 747 is capable of flying upside-down if it weren’t for the fact that the wings would shear off when trying to roll it over.

The trucking company Elvis Presley worked at as a young man was owned by Frank Sinatra.

The only golf course on the island of Tonga has 15 holes, and there’s no penalty if a monkey steals your golf ball.

Legislation passed during WWI making it illegal to say “gesundheit” to a sneezer was never repealed.

Manatees possess vocal chords which give them the ability to speak like humans, but don’t do so because they have no ears with which to hear the sound.

SCUBA divers cannot pass gas at depths of 33 feet or below.

Catfish are the only animals that naturally have an ODD number of whiskers.

Replying more than 100 times to the same piece of spam e-mail will overwhelm the sender’s system and interfere with their ability to send any more spam.

Polar bears can eat as many as 86 penguins in a single sitting.

Sample Essay on Educational Goals and Achievements

 

Describe your educational goals and those academic and/or professional achievements which have contributed most to your development:

Given my background as an undergraduate student of Mathematics & Economics at the University of California, San Diego, and some practical experience garnered from the Chinese banking sector, I am fully aware of the challenges facing modern day financial services, a knowledge which fueled my desire to make meaningful contributions in the field’s development by becoming a professional finance administrator.

My educational aspirations consist of acquiring a master’s degree in the field of Financial Economics that would assist me in achieving my career dreams of acquiring a higher-level knowledge in the most effective, efficient and modernized approaches that proffer lasting solutions to the industry’s numerous problems which include: macroeconomics risk; tightening regulatory requirements; political interference; technology risk; and criminality, among others. While I am determined to be part of the recognized problem-solvers on the world stage, I am aware that only an advanced study in a reputable university would guarantee a fulfilled ambition.

I am confident to graduate with honor in June 2018. Currently, I have multiple Provost Honors and my keener interest in the field was developed during my first and second internship programs at China Merchant’s Bank and WanLian Securities between June 2015 – September 2015 and July 2017 – September 2017 respectively. In the first job, I satisfactorily analysed different investment preferences for clients and proffered workable solutions by recommending different portfolios in sync with then current market trends. The open communication line and feedback channels greatly improved my understanding of the profession and aided my interpersonal/communication skills which are characteristic of a professional finance administrator. I also played an advisory role to my investment manager in the sale of different financial products to potential customers; a total sale of 500,000 RMB was tallied to my name, and as part of other rewarding contributions, I received a confidence-boosting offer of a full-time job after scaling through a top 5% ranking.

At WanLian Securities, I was at the frontline of the house’ issuance of 50 million U.S. dollars bonds to Sihui Rural Commercial Bank. This company provided me with a variety of statistical learning methods and productive practical experiences which solidified my resolve to take up a course in Financial Economics.

My passion as a servant-leader has always been to assist others, improve people’s lives, and play a part in developing the finance sector; this was also evident in my position as a Publicity Department Minster for the Chinese Union at UCSD (Jan. 2016 to Jun. 2017). Apart from organizing oral and written competitions to benefit members, one our annual events, Singing Competition & Chinese Night Market, raked in a revenue of $15,000 in one night.

I know that my ambitions will remain mere dreams if I do not complete a master’s degree program, therefore, I am committed to working hard in school and looking for opportunities that could help me make these goals a reality.

Sample Essay on Career Path (Financial Economics)

 

To propagate practical know-how and empiricism, Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a financial derivatives specialist, argued that the environment in financial economics reminds one of medieval medicine which rejected the observations and experiences of the plebeian barbers and surgeons thus killing more patients than it saved.

Taleb added that financial economics poses a great danger to the system by creating more risks instead of reducing it, and from this backdrop arose my quest for a higher-level knowledge aimed at proving that modern financial economics, as a discipline, helps investors make more cognizant decisions about investment options. My expected career path would proceed from positions as a controller, treasurer, financial analyst, business development associate, investment banking associate, financial manager, and senior financial analyst.

The decision to pursue a degree in Mathematics & Economics has been the single most valuable investment I made in life; it enhanced my ability to critically analyse information, present well-structured arguments, and become a confident and effective team player. Therefore, a master’s degree in financial economics will provide me with the practical and theoretical knowledge I need to perform competitively as a key to any corporation’s decision-making process: determining how capital is raised and managed; directing the firm on investment options to choose; evaluating and suggesting what portion of profits should be returned shareholders; and presenting a forecast on what benefits would most likely accrue from mergers and acquisitions.

I am fascinated by the interrelation between economics and finance as separate disciplines, and how they inform, as well as influence each other. Interestingly, as a career financial manager, I have acquired brief field knowledge in the finance industry and understand, to an extent, how financial economics influence the markets and their agents.

Financial Economics focuses on forex and stock markets, with inclination to the relationship among financial variables such as prices, inflation and interest rates, as well as the impact of economic variables – GDP (gross domestic product) and CPI (consumer price index). I love this branch of knowledge not only because it involves building models based on two key concepts of uncertainty and the time-value of money, but because if differs from others due to its emphasis on monetary activities. I look forward to learning more about this highly quantitative field, with highlights on financial instruments, the markets, financial institutions and market regulations.

Lastly, the Portfolio Theory and Capital Asset Pricing Model are also appealing for graduate students like me who are interested in playing decision-making roles in corporations, with the aim of maximizing a firm’s value while simultaneously reducing its financial risks. Only a master of science degree in financial economics will help actualize my career goals.

Sample Statement of Purpose (RAMS)

Risk has taken a central position as one of the most significant modern-day concepts, for the world has fallen victim to several catastrophic disasters which provoke growing concerns and a need to concentrate on the daily hazards associated with a wide range of activities such as construction of complex buildings, operations of chemical plants, use of air, road, sea and rail transport etc. It is agreeable that the most trivial error in car mechanics, for example, can cause brake failure and result in life-threatening accidents. Ensuring that humans and the environment are kept relatively safe from imminent threats in a world of complex products and systems is therefore a sole responsibility of RAMS (Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety), to which I am humbly indebted.

I am particularly fascinated by the increasing complexity of modern systems and products. Most technical inventions are an assemblage of electronics, mechanical components and software. Notably, the global relations between these interwoven technical systems and the socio-economical structures have become closely intertwined and yet, inter-dependent. A close observation of the oil & gas, space and nuclear industries shows some structured approaches have been applied to quantitatively predict RAMS product/system performance, and systematically pinpoint and eliminate unwanted RAMS characteristics. Despite the recorded successes, there’s great need for continuous upgrading and enhancement of the current approaches for efficiency and accuracy.

While other industries are yet to embrace the value of RAMS despite the skyrocketing liability claims due to harm caused by product defects; product recalls and its characteristic financial losses; as well as the increasing chunk of gross sales munched by warranty costs, it is my desire to acquire a broad view in this technical field through master thesis and project works at the renowned Norwegian University of Science & Technology.

Completing a master’s degree program at your institution will bolster my knowledge, skills and professional competence; it will also aid my life-dream of playing a prominent part in sensitizing customers, governments and industries on the need for RAMS while building on my proficiency in NASTRAN, ANSA and PERMAS, among others.

During my undergraduate studies at Viswanadha Institute of Technology & Management (2011), where I obtained a bachelor’s degree in Engineering, and later at GITAM University (Masters in CAD/CAM), I proved myself a proactive, performance-driven, and dynamic team player with demonstrated leadership skills. In my four-year professional experience, I have worked on different automotive CAE projects, particularly on HyperMesh and HyperView, as well as OptiStruct and Abaqus. My core competencies include some experience in surface-based modelling, shell meshing, and solid meshing. I am also conversant with CAD (CATIA & Pro/Engineer); Programming basics in Python & Tel/Tk; MS Office Applications (Word, Excel and PowerPoint); and CAE (HyperWorks, Abacus etc.)

In addition to my current job responsibilities as a Technical Leader in CAE department at Hyundai Mobis India Research & Development Private Limited, I have proficiency in performing squeal prediction and counter measure study on Conventional Brake system, Torque analysis of Drum Brake, Pressure analysis of Disc Brake, material correlation, modal analysis of different components of Brake system, Shape optimization and topology optimization of Brake components. Remarkably, I earned recognition from Central Institute of Tool Design in 2013 for my analytic, creative, technical, troubleshooting, result-oriented and error-proof skills.

I am highly motivated and curious about the most effective ways of enhancing product safety and circumventing technical faults in systems. As a prospective graduate student who is intrigued by theoretical and practical problems, I believe that my experience with various modules of an automobile, which has equipped me with an indebt knowledge of several safety measures, and an idea about better alternatives to fossil fuels, deserve thorough vetting at the Norwegian University of Science & Technology. Under guidance from your team of highly experienced professors and lecturers, I am anxious to learn about the recent developments in analytical techniques such as computer modelling of risk, reliability and safety problems, including the following fascinating courses: Human Factors Method, Systems Reliability, Data Analysis and Stimulation, Risk Assessment & Safety Management, Learning from Disasters, Environmental Impact Assessment etc.

The higher-level research courses aim to provide students with an understanding of safety, risk and reliability engineering in both qualitative and quantitative manner, and to develop the skills to apply this understanding in the professional world. Acquainting myself with the recent developments in analytical techniques – computer modelling of risk, reliability and safety problems – would also be an added boost to my flourishing career.

All study and no play make a mess of students’ general wellbeing so, I enjoy rewinding from the hassles of academic life by traveling, learning languages, watching educative movies and swimming.

My long-term goal is to pursue a profession in teaching and research in the field of mechanical engineering, and I am convinced that studying for a Master of Science degree at one of Europe’s largest academic environment will be a great privilege, one that I intend to appreciate by making meaningful contributions towards achieving both personal and institutional goals.

I look forward to receiving a favorable response from your admissions committee.

Statement of Purpose for PhD.

I am fascinated by the paradox of life: how genes and proteins regulate and function in an organism; how humans draw breath; and the intricate working of cells, especially the brain which, just like nature, is all about synchronization. Initial curiosities led me into the captivating world of sciences, and this innate character gained impetus during my undergraduate/post graduate studies at Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, India.

My doctoral study is a watershed in the journey of education, not as an end but a means to achieving life-fulfilling careers in our world-shattering workplace where the field of science has opened opportunities for growth in newer dimensions. A perfect mix of theory and practical knowledge in molecular biology, biochemistry, and computational biology spurred my aspiration as an ever-inquisitive physician, biologist and medical practitioner who aims to properly identify, explore, and discover multifarious mysteries of the inner workings of life in our micro-universe.

My interest in life sciences was born of a need to meaningfully contribute towards improving lives, not only in India, but in all parts of the world by eradicating all setbacks in the global health care system, and I am delighted to be getting closer to achieving this goal. I come from India, one of the worst-hit developing countries in terms of pathetically backward medical conditions – a continual increase in maternal/child death rate, low standard of living, inadequate healthcare facilities, as well as prevalent curable diseases killing a shocking number in the densely populated country.

During my previous studies, I was intrigued by disease and infection biology, which acquainted me with vast knowledge and skills needed for a higher-level research and inspired my agitation to touch lives with further trainings. I learned about Advanced Genetic Engineering, Advanced Enzyme Technology, Advanced Food Biotechnology, among others, in my 2-year master’s degree program and graduated with a 9.01 GPA on a scale of 10. I humbly perceive the rewarding effort as an underlying motivator to further educational milestones –  a certification of course completion on Preparation for Introductory Technology: DNA to Organisms from University of California (2014); DNA from Structure to Therapy awarded by Jacob’s University, Bremen, Germany (2014); special recognition from West Bengal State Council of Science & Technology and National Council for Science, Technology and Communication, DST, New Delhi (2013); an outstanding paper award in Medical Science at the First Regional Science & Technology Congress (2016), and another such award from the 24th West Bengal Science & Technology Congress in 2017.

Considering the recorded academic achievements and my interest in Microbial pathogenesis, Host-pathogen interactions, Medical Microbiology, Molecular mechanism of diseases & immune response, and Molecular modelling & drug designing, I have great confidence that I will benefit from further challenging researches at your reputable university with interesting structures and highly organized PhD program considered among the world’s elite institutions. As a Teaching Assistant at Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, the blossoming career draws inspiration from my painstaking pursuit for self-development through unrelenting academic studies, competent skills and proven knowledge gained through thorough researches, conferences, trainings, and internships. Remarkably, the broadened understanding I gathered in my post-graduate dissertation on Staphylococcus aureus biofilm infections, as well as the time I spent as an undergraduate intern at the National Institute of Cholera & Enteric Diseases and National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, gave me a foundational experience on disease biology through laboratories with prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems, where I discovered my niche in studying how the cell’s own processes propel regeneration of damaged or diseased tissue.

The highlight of my post-graduate years was the invaluable opportunity I had to practicalize my acquired skills and knowledge by thoroughly observing, analysing, recording, and theorizing on different concepts in the field of life science. Sharing of ideas and love for new developments in science have always been a source of joy to me, as well as a chance to indulge my creative thinking and empirical reasoning – this made my academic presentations a good bargain.

My long-term career goal is to become an independent researcher, one who is currently interested in carrying out investigations on pathogenesis pathway and bacterial communication systems to gain a better insight on quorum sensing, signalling and mechanism involved in bacterial virulence to facilitate drug discovery. I have good interpersonal relationship skills, excellent command of English language, and quality leadership skills as a president and co-founder of a government-registered NGO, A.M.R.A., which provides education for underprivileged kids. In addition, I previously held the position of a director, Interact Club (a student wing of Rotary International).

I have conviction that an admission for a doctorate program in your university under guidance from your team of experienced professors and well-trained researchers will guarantee a chance for me to utilize my skills and exploit previously unknown areas. This wonderful prospect guaranteed by your superior research facilities will not only enhance my teaching-learning experience but guarantee growth on my 2-year career as a Teaching Assistant at Heritage Institute of Technology, Kolkata, India.

It is therefore my humble wish to gain admission for a PhD. program at your prestigious university.