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- Albinism affects the production of melanin – the pigment that gives eyes, skin and hair its colour
- People with albinism have a reduced amount of melanin or no melanin at all and often have very pale hair, skin and eyes
- The prevalence of albinism varies across the world. About one in every 17,000 people in the UK has some form of albinism, the NHS estimates
- The term “person with albinism” is preferred to “albino”, which is often used in a derogatory way
- You can learn more about albinism from the United Nations Human Rights Commission.