Nigerian woman facing deportation for offering bribe to acquire UK passport

Nigerian woman named Maria Adesanya may soon be deported from the United Kingdom.

The 31-year-old woman is accused of bribing a nurse to pose as the father of her child in order to obtain a British passport for the baby.

Adesanya paid the nurse named Adekunle Adeparusi, a 44-year-old British citizen, £3,000 to put his name in the child’s birth certificate as the father.

Following the deal, Adeparusi was able to pocket a further £13,000 in child tax credits even though he had no role in the girl’s life.

The pair hatched the plan in January 2014, three months after pregnant Adesanya entered the UK on an eight-month VISA.

They were caught in February 2015 after the mother applied for a Derivative Authority Card.

During this time, Adesanya found work in the UK using the ID cards of two EU nationals, a Portuguese and a Dutch citizen.

She was sentenced to 14 months in jail but immediately released on licence as she had been under curfew since October.

Adeparusi, on the other hand was jailed for 33 months after admitting making a false statement with intent, according to Manchester Evening News.

Sentencing the man and woman, Judge John Edwards said, “Organised immigration crime such as that which you engaged in can have and does have a significant impact on public funds and confidence, and the abuse of documents and the lawful exercise of the right to enter this country goes to the heart of the system which all of us rely on.”

Nigeria-Must-Go: Thousands of Nigerians to be deported from Cameroon

Four thousand Nigerian refugees mostly from Adamawa state are due to be repatriated from Cameroon, media reports confirm.

Arrangements to evacuate the Nigerians who fled their homes due to Boko Haram insurgency were concluded on Monday.

The planned repatriation is facilitated by a Technical Working Group for Repatriation of Nigerian Refugees in Cameroon.

Sadiya Umaru Farouq, leader of the delegation, who is the federal commissioner in charge of National Refugees Commission, said the exercise would soon commence and appealed to the state government to give all the necessary support and assistance for the success of the exercise.

Governor Adamu Umaru Fintiri said, “The state government is ready to facilitate the repatriation exercise and will constitute a technical committee to support the refugees when they are back home.

“I commend the group and the Cameroonian authorities for keeping the refugees safe. Let me also assure you that this administration will support you in the task ahead.”

Demi Lovato isn’t a fan of 21 Savage, and now she hates Twitter!


Demi Lovato has left Twitter for good.

Image: Demi Lovato

The ‘Confident’ singer deactivated her account on the microblogging site on Sunday after a joke about the Super Bowl and rapper 21 Savage – who has been arrested by ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) for reportedly overstaying his visa and now faces deportation – sparked a backlash from her followers.

She tweeted during the NFL flagship game: “So far 21 savage memes have been my favorite part of the Super Bowl (sic)”

After she was criticized for her comments, Demi, who suffered a near-fatal overdose last year, then tweeted: “If you’re gonna come at me for making a joke, try coming at me with some original not involving drugs.”

And shortly afterwards, the 26-year-old singer declared she was done with the site.

Before deactivating her account, she wrote: “F**k Twitter. This is why I don’t tweet anymore.”

21 Savage was arrested in Atlanta at the weekend after ICE agents claimed he is actually a British citizen who has overstayed his United States visa for over a decade.

Image: 21 Savage

ICE spokesman Bryan Cox said: “U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) arrested unlawfully present United Kingdom national Sha Yaa Bin Abraham-Joseph AKA ’21 Savage’ during a targeted operation with federal and local law enforcement partners early Sunday in metro Atlanta … Mr. Abraham-Joseph is presently in ICE custody in Georgia and has been placed into removal proceedings before the federal immigration courts. ICE will now await the outcome of his case before a federal immigration judge to determine future actions.”

The ‘No Heart’ rapper has been accused of entering the country illegally in 2005 and staying in the United States after his visa expired the following year. ICE also cited his felony drug charge conviction in Georgia in 2014 when making the case for his arrest.

His attorneys are currently working on a case for the 26-year-old rapper – whose real name is Shayaa Bin Abraham-Joseph – and say it is all a “misunderstanding”.

American pastor facing a 35-year sentence in Turkey

In a politically loaded case that critics describe as “an eclipse of reason,” American pastor Andrew Brunson, who has been behind locked up in Turkey for charges relating to terrorism, is facing up to 35 years in prison if finally convicted by country’s “biased” judicial system.


Image shows American pastor Andrew Brunson, who has been held in Turkey since October 2016

Although media reports say Turkey has doubled down in pastor row with US, a prosecutor in the European country is allegedly seeking up to 35 years in jail for Andrew Brunson, the American pastor at the heart of a bitter diplomatic spat between Ankara and Washington.

Held on terror-related charges since October 2016, Brunson has seemingly become a bargaining chip, with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan suggesting last year that the pastor could go home if Washington extradited Fethullah Gulen, the Pennsylvania-based preacher accused of masterminding the July 15, 2016, coup attempt.

The Turkish prosecutor in the western city of Izmir where Brunson is held has finally drawn up an indictment against the 50-year-old, who has been based in Turkey for more than two decades, reports confirm.

Brunson pastored the Resurrection Church in Izmir, where he lived with his family as part of a tiny Protestant community.

Neither Brunson nor his lawyer has seen the indictment yet, though it was leaked to the media this week.

Speaking to Al-Monitor, Brunson’s lawyer Ismail Cem Halavurt deplored that “the leaking of the indictment before the parties have seen it amounts to a violation of confidentiality.”

Soner Tufan, the spokesman of the Association of Protestant Churches in Turkey, said, “We have failed to obtain the indictment thus far. We don’t know what exactly the charges are.”

Brunson’s wife is said to be disappointed, upset and anxious after the news of the indictment. At the same time, she is somewhat relieved, for the judicial process seems to be finally moving after stagnating for months.

Though the details of the charges remain ambiguous, Brunson’s interrogation by prosecutors provides some insight into the case. According to Halavurt, the accusations rest on the testimony of a secret witness, with two issues standing out.

The first is a claim by the secret witness that Brunson met frequently with Bekir Baz, who is said to be the person responsible for the Aegean region in the Fethullah Gulen Terror Organization (FETO), the term used in Turkey to refer to the Gulen community. The Gulen community was once a main ally of the ruling Justice and Development Party until several years ago when they had a falling out. Brunson has told the prosecutor he does not know a person named Bekir Baz and has not met with any FETO member knowingly or willingly.

Another accusation stems from a meeting between Brunson and lawyer Taner Kilic, the jailed head of Amnesty International in Turkey. Before his incarceration, Brunson and his wife were sent to a deportation center in Izmir on Oct. 7, 2016, pending expulsion from Turkey. At that time, he met for legal counsel with Kilic, who specializes in immigration issues.

Kilic himself landed behind bars in June 2017, also on charges of collaboration with FETO, and international human rights groups continue to call for his release. Brunson’s meeting with Kilic for legal counsel is now considered incriminatory evidence against him.

Pro-government papers claim that Brunson was involved in Gulen’s project on interfaith dialogue. Halavurt, however, denies that Brunson attended the meeting, stressing that witnesses have also debunked the prosecution’s claims to that effect.

The prosecution is seeking up to 35 years in prison for Brunson on charges of espionage and committing crimes on behalf of FETO without being a member of the group.

For Tufan, the charges are outrageous.

“This is an eclipse of reason,” he told Al-Monitor. “To claim that Andrew was a FETO executive and sought to destroy this country is like an insult and offense to reason. Who would believe such a thing? He has spent an important part of his life trying to stay in this country, telling about Jesus in all his sermons and works. How could such a person be the member or the executive of an Islamic order?”

According to Tufan, Brunson said in his testimony to the prosecution, “I am a Christian clergyman and have no links to any Islamic order. I love God, and I am trying to tell people about God in appropriate conditions.”

Tufan added, “And that’s the person we know.”

Tufan believes that Brunson is being used as a bargaining chip between Erdogan and US President Donald Trump and remains in prison “for political reasons only.”

Asked whether the pastor is a kind of a hostage, Halavurt said, “As a lawyer, I cannot make such a comment. The core problem pertains to Turkey’s judicial system. The issue of holding people hostage and threatening their personal freedom and security — we have seen this in the case of the German journalist [Deniz Yucel]. Unfortunately, certain political forces are involved in this matter.”

According to Halavurt, Brunson is very disturbed about being embroiled in a political spat. Referring to a recent meeting with his client, the lawyer said, “Brunson does not understand these political polemics. He says that as a clergyman, he wants to keep himself out of this. He is irked that his name has become the subject of political polemics and believes that the United States and Turkey should not draw conclusions based on his situation.”

The pastor is in good physical health but “not well at all psychologically,” Halavurt said. “He wants to be a free person again as soon as possible.”

The details of the charges remain off limits to Brunson’s defense, and his family tries to follow the judicial process via the media. Despite the many setbacks, the small Protestant community in Turkey still hopes for justice to prevail.

Beyond Brunson’s personal plight, the case marks an important stage in the grievances of the Protestant community. The American pastor has not been alone in the crosshairs of the Turkish authorities.

In its 2017 rights violation report, the Association of Protestant Churches lays out a long list of arbitrary moves targeting its members. In March 2017, for instance, Shinhyung Kang, a South Korean pastor in Izmir, faced deportation for serving “illegally” as a clergyman. According to the report, many other Protestants of foreign nationality in Izmir, Istanbul, Mersin, Gaziantep, Trabzon, Erzurum and Bursa faced deportation or were denied renewal of their residence permits.

Coupled with Brunson’s arrest, the deportations and the denial of residence permits “led to serious anxiety, especially among foreign church members and leaders, and some of them left Turkey of their own volition along with their families,” the report says.

Man spends a year in U.S. Church to avoid Deportation and finally walks free

A Mexican who crossed the United States borders without proper paperwork in 1997 has finally walked free. He lived in a Philadelphia church for nearly a year to avoid deportation to his country.


Image shows Garcia and his family at the Philadelphia church.

Javier Flores Garcia left the Arch Street Methodist Church on Wednesday (Oct. 11), and was surrounded by his family members who celebrated the “pardon.”

Garcia had been caught and deported several times but he showed resilience in his desire to live and work in the U.S.

According to an AP report, Garcia was stabbed in 2004 and he co-operated with police to apprehend the culprit. The action granted him eligibility for a special type of visa for people who help police.

Garcia’s attorney says his client has been granted deferred action, which allows him to live and work in the country.

The Mexican took sanctuary in the church last November, when he was to report for deportation. He says he plans to stay in Philadelphia.

“Interestingly he is looking to stay here because he cooperated with police. Go figure. The rules and motivations of the government are a bit confused here,” a commenter wrote about the pardon.

“On one hand is the desire to deport at all costs (because Judge Dredd spake “The Law is the Law”), on the other is the desire to encourage people, even illegal aliens to cooperate in the apprehension of violent criminals.”

Another netizen who raised an objection to the help offered by the church in Philadelphia said, “No church should be a haven against accountability to the law. Churches who knowingly provide support to help people avoid accountability to the law should be held accountable.”

Islamic Leader behind Barcelona Attacks fought Deportation through Human Rights Group in 2014

An Islamic leader who was identified among the victims of last Thursday’s explosion preceding the bloody attacks in Barcelona is believed to be constructing bombs for jihadists during the incident.

He is believed to have died in a residential building which housed the 12-man jihadists in Alcanar.

Image shows the imam’s residence in Alcanar.

The deceased stands accused, even in death, as the mastermind of last week’s terror attacks which carried an ISIS signature.

Imam Abdelbaki Es Satty successfully fought deportation in 2014 with help from human rights activists.


In 2010, the Muslim cleric was arrested by security forces after a tip-off on a drug-smuggling gang. He served his four-year term and remorsefully tendered a plea in 2014, arguing that his deportation as a foreign national with a criminal background would violate his rights.

His incarceration for smuggling marijuana into Spain, and the residential permit, allowed Es Satty some time to plot revenge against the society.

Media reports speculate that the radical Muslim cleric was radicalized in prison.

The Moroccan filed for asylum and fortunately, was permitted free movement throughout the European Union’s Schengen area.

Es Satty later became an imam in the town of Ripoll where he nurtured his terror plans. Three years later, he had recruited and brainwashed the teenagers who wrecked havoc in Barcelona last week.

Prior to the bombings in Spain, the cleric who had climbed through the ranks in a Belgian mosque was relieved of his duties. He was called to question due to his shady history and radical beliefs.

One of the four-man gang who carried out the bombings — also the only survivor — testified in a Spanish on Tuesday, saying they were radicalized by Abdelbaki Es Satty.

The attack in Barcelona killed 15 persons and injured a total of 120.

Images from Es Satty’s home.

Reports say Es Satty, 45, spent time in prison with a notorious terrorist Rachid Aglif, who is serving time for his role in the 2004 Madrid bombings which killed 196 people.

23 Countries blacklisted by the U.S. Government for disobeying Deportation Orders

Administrative bottlenecks make deportation of illegals a difficult task for the United States, and this setback is worsened by uncooperative countries which have been publicly identified.

The errant twenty-three countries include: China, Iran, Iraq, Zimbabwe, Cuba, Afghanistan, Libya and more.

Although it looks quite impossible that President Donald Trump will be able to convince the courts on allowing him to ban all previously blacklisted seven countries, the president may successfully get to work around the laws.

Mr. Trump, according to a report from The Washington Post, can achieve his goal of stripping visas from any country on the account of being “uncooperative .” This implies that the US can completely reject citizens from any country which refuses to take back its citizens when they are deported for defaulting immigration laws.

“All he (the president) would have to do is have his Homeland Security Department secretary issue an official notification about those countries, and the State Department would immediately halt visas,” the Immigration Reform Law Institute (IRLI) says.

Ian Smith, an investigative analyst at IRLI adds that: “Each of these countries either cannot or are unwilling to take back their citizens, all of whom have either violated our immigration laws or committed crimes against our own.

“For that reason alone, the Trump administration can and should put a complete halt to their visa privileges. In fact, the law requires it.”

The report argued that even though past administrations – President Barack Obama and George Bush – used the same tool to keep illegal immigration in check, the governments never applied it to more than one country. And those past executive orders weren’t a part of the measures taken to counter terrorism in the US.

Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen, the seven countries which were counted as terrorist-connected in Trump’s 27 January immigration ban, may finally have the controversial ruling overturned by a federal court.

However, the quest for counter measures continues as Mr. President will not back down in his egocentric fight against “radical Muslim.”

In his explanations on how some countries have been able to stop the United States from deporting criminals, Josh Siegel made reference to Susanna Ruth Makinson, whose husband (a police officer) was shot dead while walking on the streets of Fort Myers in Florida.

The heart rending incident which occurred about eight years ago, the second of such callous acts since 1930 when a police officer was killed on the streets, can be blamed on many factors.

Makinson argues that her then-husband Andrew Widman’s death could have been prevented, although way out of her control, if only the murderer and people like him who are illegal immigrants were denied entry into the US.

The laws failed her because Abel Arango (the murderer) was a convicted felon who left his country Cuba to America. Unfortunately, he was deported but his country wouldn’t take him back.

However, the bereaved has one wish–that the government would make efforts to fix this crack in the nation’s immigration system. This, she suggested, can be done mounting pressure on uncooperative countries to accept their citizens who are illegals in the US.

She admits suffering to raise her three kids as a single mom after Andrew’s death.

“It’s a huge problem that criminals take advantage of; most people don’t know it’s possible for the originating country to decline the person being deported,” Makinson told The Daily Signal in an interview.

“It bothers me. At the same time, what if I had been sick that day and my husband hadn’t gone to work? I would go crazy thinking through every ‘what if’ scenario. I try not to do that. We don’t live in a perfect world.”

The administrative hurdles in deporting criminals created teansion among US lawmakers who advocated tougher immigration laws and reasonable compensation in 2016, for families who have fallen victims to violent crimes.

According to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), an agency of the Department of Homeland Security, thousands of illegal immigrants with criminal convictions have been released from custody—some who’ve committed crimes like assault and murder—because they can’t be repatriated.

As of May, ICE classified 23 countries, including China, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, and Libya, as being “recalcitrant,” or uncooperative.

That lists also still includes Cuba, a country with which the Obama administration restored diplomatic relations with last year after five decades of hostility.

“We shouldn’t allow other countries to dictate who will be deported from the United States,” said Jessica Vaughan of the Center for Immigration Studies.

“The Obama administration has been passive on this and not used the tools Congress has given them to address this problem.”

Deporting illegal immigrants is more complex than meets the eye. This goes far beyond arresting and putting illegals on the next available flight to their countries of origin.

Illegal immigrants are just like other people travel abroad. They need documentation (passport) and more in some cases, just like anyone traveling to another country.

In a circumstance where those receiving countries refused to issue the required papers, the American government can’t send anyone there.

Nonetheless, political analysts think Trump’s administration can be more aggressive by using diplomatic leverage to achieve its goals.

Under the US immigration law, the State Department can deny visas to citizens of countries that refuse to repatriate their nationals.

Whether the government decides to use this method or not depends on the objectives it wishes to achieve.  The United States has foot-dragged on exploiting this before now as history confirms that only one country has been denied visas – a South American nation, Guyana, in 2001.

Visa restrictions are not imposed lightly,” the State Department official said.

“For many years, we have worked with DHS [Department of Homeland Security] to review the status of each recalcitrant country on a case-by-case basis. We engage at the highest levels to resolve these issues diplomatically when possible, while remaining ready to invoke visa restrictions, as warranted, in consultation with DHS.”

“The Department of Homeland Security and the State Department together have an effective tool to discourage this behavior, and it’s high time they use it,” Grassley told The Daily Signal in an emailed statement.

“No other American family should have to endure a tragedy because criminal immigrants are allowed to stay in this country, even if foreign countries won’t take responsibility.”

Cuba, the biggest violator, refused to take back more than 600 criminals through the first nine months of the last fiscal year.

Cape Verde, meanwhile, just came off the list after reaching an understanding with Homeland Security last month that will facilitate the deportation of 450 people.

The State Department and ICE are pursuing other avenues to push countries to cooperate.

“He was very community minded,” Makinson said of her late husband who would have been a pastor after graduating from a missionary school but chose to serve as an officer of the law. “He wasn’t in police work because he wanted to prove something. He really want to help people and impact their lives, and he thought this was a good way.”

Legal reasons a U.S. Immigrant may be deported

The United States President Donald John Trump sparked controversies with his recent executive orders against immigrants from seven Muslim-majority countries.

Although the country’s judicial arm of government presented challenges to these laws, here’s what every potential traveler must know.

The US laws have provisions upon which a green card holder, non-citizens or illegal immigrants can be deported.

Any resident in the country may be arrested by U.S. immigration authorities for several reasons, and deported to his or her country of origin. This may first start with the fact that he or she does not possess the required legal rights to live in the country.

Some outstanding reasons for deportation of immigrants are; illegally crossing the border and staying beyond one’s visa period.

Good news is, defaulters also have a provision in the laws which allow them a temporary right to remain in the country. This legal right may, in some circumstances, be denied even to those with valid visas or a green card.

Here are a few reasons for deportation of immigrants in the United States:

1) Failure to Obey the Terms of Your Visa or Otherwise Maintain Your Status

If you are in the U.S. as a nonimmigrant (most likely with a visa), various conditions apply to your stay. For example, if you’re a tourist, you’re not allowed to work. If you fail to abide by these conditions and maintain your nonimmigrant status, you become deportable.

2) Failure to Advise USCIS of Change of Address

It sounds harsh, but it’s a crime for immigrants not to submit immediate notifications to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) of their changes of address. You’ve got ten days. Use the “Online Change of Address” form on the USCIS website.

3) Commission of a Crime

According to Ilona Bray, a US lawyer, some crimes — though not all — can result in an immigrant’s becoming deportable from the United States.

The full list is at Section 237(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, or I.N.A.

For example, crimes that can get a green card holder or nonimmigrant deported include alien smuggling, document fraud, domestic violence, crimes of “moral turpitude,” drug or controlled substance offenses firearms trafficking, money laundering, fraud, espionage, sabotage, terrorism, and of course the classic serious crimes such as rape, murder, and any other “aggravated felonies.”

Ilona warns, ‘Be aware that, if you are convicted of a crime, the court is not likely to label it a “crime of moral turpitude” or an “aggravated felony.” You may simply be told that the crime is classified as, for example, a “misdemeanor” in your state.

‘However, the immigration authorities will make their own judgment about how the crime is classified for immigration law purposes, with the result that certain misdemeanors can, in fact, make you deportable.’

4) Violation of Immigration Laws

Someone who violates the immigration laws by, for example, participating in a fraudulent marriage or helping smuggle other aliens into the United States, may be found deportable.


US Department Of Homeland Security explains the Government’s Immigration Enforcement Plan

The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has released a number of documents which explain how defaulters of the country’s strict immigration laws will be deported.

According to a notice which was published last Tuesday, the DHS confirms it is ready to enforce the laws which aim at deporting a large number of undocumented immigrants living in the U.S., including those who committed even minor offenses or traffic violations.

The security outfit will implement President Donald Trump’s deportation plan through several different measures.

Here are a few highlights from the memos:

— More than 10,000 immigration and customs agents will be hired, which will dramatically increase the number of detention facilities.

— Customs and Border Protection and Immigration and Customs Enforcement will be required to detain and hold undocumented people caught illegally entering the country, thereby ending the “catch and release” practice.

— An ICE office will be reserved to support families of people killed by undocumented immigrants.

It will include people who have been living in this country for up to two years.

— A program would allow local police officers and sheriff’s deputies to operate as immigration agents by helping with deportations.

— Undocumented immigrants from Central America could be held in Mexico to await hearings, this would likely require Mexico to accept the terms.

— Instead of informing families of the criminal status of alleged undocumented immigrants, ICE will distribute the information publicly.

— No directives would affect the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals.

Department personnel have full authority to arrest or apprehend an alien whom an immigration officers has probable cause to believe is in violation of the immigration laws,” one memo read.

“They also have full authority to initiate removal proceedings against any alien who is subject to removal under any provision of the (Immigration and Nationality Act).”

John F. Kelly, the DHS director who signed this memo, has previously focused on hard dangerous criminals who had been convicted of serious offenses but the deportation guidelines will present new challenges.

LAPD Chief Charlie Beck says his office won’t deporting Illegal U.S. Residents

The Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck made a statement on Monday, saying his office will not assist the federal government in its plan to deport illegal U.S. residents.

Image: Charlie Beck

Beck says the LAPD’s stand on enforcement of immigration laws will not change even as President-elect Donald J. Trump prepare for war against millions of unlawful immigrants once he assumes office.

The LAPD says it’s not among its roles to confront people – male of female – for the sole purpose of determining whether they have broken immigration laws or not.

“I don’t intend on doing anything different,” LAPD Chief Charlie Beck told the L.A. Times on Monday.

“We are not going to engage in law enforcement activities solely based on somebody’s immigration status.

“We are not going to work in conjunction with Homeland Security on deportation efforts. That is not our job, nor will I make it our job.

He continues: “This is the same LAPD you had Monday, a week ago. We have not changed because of the election on Tuesday. We have the same principles. We have the same values.

“This is not going to change the way that the Los Angeles Police Department enforces the law.”

U.S. President-elect Donald Trump made it clear during his campaigns that illegal immigration will not be condoned. He threatened to build a wall between the Mexican and U.S. border.

Trump also said he will deport millions of all undocumented immigrants, a statement he twisted a bit after an appearance at CBS’ Lesley Stahl on “60 Minutes” where he said that his administration would focus on deporting immigrants with criminal records first.

Mr Trump is focused on turning around the long-lasting immigration relief which was allowed under President Barack Obama’s government.

U.S. immigrants and their families accross the country have been facing nightmares for fear of what will happen next, following Trump’s election as president.

A report from The Los Angeles Times quotes Mayor Eric Garcetti as saying in a meeting held at the Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles on Friday that “the city would question Trump’s decisions on immigration.”

“If the first day, as president, we see something that is hostile to our people, hostile to our city, bad for our economy, bad for our security, we will speak up, speak out, act up and act out,” Garcetti said.

According to the report, Garcetti also said that “the LAPD would continue to enforce Special Order 40, the Gates-signed directive that bars officers from contacting someone solely to determine their immigration status.”

“Our law enforcement officers and LAPD don’t go around asking people for their papers, nor should they,” he said. “That’s not the role of local law enforcement.”

Image: LAPD Chief Charlie Beck

The U.S. Migration Policy Institute confirms that more than 1 million of the estimated 11 million immigrants in the country without legal status live in Los Angeles County.