SAFE AND HEALTH PREGNANCY: Antenatal care, safe delivery, and postpartum care tips for expectant mothers

pregnant woman photoshoot
Photo by Leah Kelley on

Motherhood is an incredible journey filled with countless milestones, memories, and moments of pure joy.

It’s natural to feel a mix of excitement, nervousness, and anticipation during pregnancy. But with preparation and knowledge, you can feel empowered and confident as you navigate the world of antenatal care, safe delivery, and postpartum care. Whether you’re a first-time mom or a seasoned pro, there are always new things to learn for staying healthy, happy, and well-supported during this transformative time.

So, let’s explore some actionable tips and strategies for navigating this exciting, sometimes challenging time.

Antenatal care

Antenatal care is healthcare provided during pregnancy to monitor the health of the mother and baby. It is important for ensuring a safe pregnancy and childbirth by detecting potential problems early and providing preventative care. It is recommended to attend antenatal checkups at least four times during a low-risk pregnancy. However, the number of checkups may increase if there are any health concerns or risk factors present. Doing the following will help you when you are pregnant;

  1. Schedule your first antenatal checkup as soon as you suspect you are pregnant.
  2. Attend all scheduled antenatal checkups, even if you feel healthy and well.
  3. Prepare a list of questions or concerns to discuss with your healthcare provider during each antenatal visit.
  4. Take any recommended tests or screenings, such as blood tests, urine tests, or ultrasounds, to monitor your health and your baby’s development.
  5. Learn about healthy behaviors and self-care during pregnancy, such as eating a nutritious diet, staying physically active, and managing stress.
  6. Discuss any existing health conditions or medications with your healthcare provider and follow their recommendations for managing them during pregnancy.
  7. Create a birth plan in consultation with your healthcare provider, including your preferred birthing position, pain management options, and who you would like present during labor and delivery.
  8. Attend breastfeeding education sessions during antenatal care to learn about the benefits of early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding.
  9. Make any necessary preparations for birth, such as packing a hospital bag and arranging for transportation to the hospital.
  10. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any unusual symptoms or concerns during pregnancy, such as vaginal bleeding, severe headaches, or decreased fetal movement.

Safe delivery

As you eagerly await the arrival of your little one, your topmost priority is to ensure a safe and healthy delivery. This is where the expertise of skilled birth attendants comes into play. A skilled birth attendant, be it a midwife or a doctor, is equipped with the necessary training to provide comprehensive care during childbirth, including monitoring the mother’s progress, identifying potential complications, and offering emergency care if required. The presence of a skilled birth attendant during delivery is a crucial step towards ensuring a secure and successful birth for both mother and baby.

  1. Discuss your birth plan with your healthcare provider and make sure you understand all of your options for pain management, birthing position, and delivery location.
  2. Prepare a hospital bag ahead of time with essentials such as clothing, toiletries, and any necessary medical documents or identification.
  3. Make arrangements for transportation to the hospital or birthing center well in advance, including identifying an alternate plan in case of unexpected circumstances.
  4. Prepare a support system of family and friends who can help with household tasks, childcare, or emotional support during labor and delivery.
  5. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any unexpected symptoms or complications, such as heavy bleeding, severe pain, or decreased fetal movement.
  6. Follow any instructions or guidelines from your healthcare provider regarding when to go to the hospital or birthing center.
  7. Communicate with your healthcare provider and support team throughout the labor and delivery process, letting them know of any concerns or preferences as they arise.
  8. Trust your body and instincts during labor and delivery, and remember that you are capable of bringing your baby safely into the world.

Postpartum care

The journey to motherhood does not end with delivery. The postpartum period, which is the time after childbirth, can be physically and emotionally challenging for new mothers. Proper postpartum care is crucial for the mother’s recovery and well-being, and it is essential to have the support of loved ones during this time. Whether it’s helping with household chores, running errands, or simply being a listening ear, the support of family and friends can make a world of difference for a new mother.

  1. Ensure you receive care from a healthcare provider within 24 hours of giving birth. Your healthcare provider will screen you for things that are supposed to happen after birth.
  2. Ensure your baby receives all the necessary vaccines immediately after birth, including Bacille Calmett Guerin (BCG), Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), Hepatitis B, etc.
  3. Attend all scheduled postpartum checkups for you and baby with your healthcare provider, even if you feel well. Postnatal visit helps to not only check the baby’s growth but also helps to detect any neurological problems for the child and solve it quickly.
  4. Monitor yourself for any physical or emotional changes, such as heavy bleeding, fever, or postpartum depression, and report them to your healthcare provider.
  5. Rest as much as possible in the first few weeks after delivery, and don’t hesitate to ask for help with household tasks or childcare.
  6. Take care of your body by eating a nutritious diet, drinking plenty of fluids, and getting enough sleep.
  7. Practice good hygiene, especially around the perineal area, and follow any guidelines for wound care or episiotomy recovery.
  8. Continue breastfeeding and seek support if you encounter any difficulties or challenges.
  9. Prioritize your mental health by practicing self-care, seeking support from loved ones or healthcare providers, and addressing any concerns about postpartum depression or anxiety.
  10. Be patient with yourself and remember that it takes time to recover from childbirth and adjust to life with a new baby.

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