Greece said on Friday it had completed a 40-kilometer fence on its border with Turkey and a new surveillance system was in place to stop possible asylum seekers from trying to reach Europe following the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan.
Events in Afghanistan have fueled fears in the European Union of a repeat of the 2015 refugee crisis, when nearly a million people fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East and beyond crossed to Greece from Turkey before traveling north to wealthier states.
Greece was on the frontline of that crisis and has said its border forces are on alert to make sure it does not become Europe’s gateway again. Athens has repeatedly asked for a common European approach to address any new challenges.
The Afghanistan crisis had created “possibilities for migrant flows,” Citizens’ Protection Minister Michalis Chrisochoidis said after visiting the region of Evros on Friday with the defense minister and the head of the armed forces.
“We cannot wait, passively, for the possible impact,” Chrisochoidis told reporters. “Our borders will remain safe and inviolable.”
Chrisochoidis said the extension to the existing 12.5-kilometer fence had been completed in recent days, as well as a hi-tech, automated electronic monitoring system.
“We examined ways to boost the borders. Greece continues to shield against any possible or existing security threat,” said Defense Minister Nikos Panagiotopoulos.
Migrant arrivals to Greece, either by land or by sea, have overall slowed to a trickle since 2016, when the EU agreed a deal with Turkey to stem the flows in exchange for financial support.
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan discussed Afghanistan on the phone on Friday, with Erdogan saying Afghanistan and Iran – a key route for Afghans into Turkey – should be supported or a new migration wave was “inevitable,” a statement from his office said.
Greece and Turkey, NATO allies and historic rivals, have long been at odds over migrant issues and competing territorial claims in the eastern Mediterranean.
Greece has hardened its migration policy in recent months by fencing off its migrant camps and launching EU-wide tenders to build two closed-type facilities on the islands of Samos and Lesbos, close to Turkey.
It has in the recent past stopped people entering its waters, though it denies widely reported allegations of so-called “pushbacks.”
Since 2015 more than one million people reached Greece, fleeing war zones and extreme poverty countries, among them many were Afghans. Most continued their journeys to other European countries until the spring of 2016 when the borders en route from the Balkan country to central Europe were closed.
Greece currently hosts some 46,000 asylum seekers in government-run facilities, according to the latest data provided by the Greek Migration and Asylum Ministry.