An American literary giant Philip Milton Roth dies at 85

Grand man of American letters Philip Roth, a fierce and prolific talent who achieved fame with the sexually explicit Portnoy’s Complaint in 1969, has died at 85, US media reported Wednesday.

Philip Milton Roth.jpg

Image: Philip Milton Roth

The New Yorker magazine and the New York Times both reported the death of Roth, who won the 1998 Pulitzer Prize for fiction for his acclaimed novel American Pastoral.

Roth, who lived in New York and Connecticut, was best known for mining the Jewish-American experience in his more than 30 novels.

Roth said he reached a turning point when he realised he could use his own world as literary raw material, be it his upbringing or the setting of his New Jersey home town.

“You can’t invent out of nothing, or I can’t certainly,” he said in a 2011 documentary. “I need some reality, to rub two sticks of reality together to get a fire of reality.”

But Roth’s giant stature on the post-World War II literary scene stems from the universality of his message — in his own words: “I don’t write Jewish, I write American.”

A contemporary of Don DeLillo, Saul Bellow and Norman Mailer, the late novelist was the doyen of a whole literary era.

He won numerous US literary prizes including two National Book Awards, two National Book Critics Circle Awards, three PEN/Faulkner awards, and the Pulitzer Prize for fiction – but the Nobel prize evaded him.

He collected the Man Booker International Prize for lifetime achievement in fiction in 2011, followed the next year by Spain’s Prince of Asturias award for literature and in 2015, France presented Roth with the insignia of Commander of the Legion of Honor – a laurel the author called “a wonderful surprise.”

Philip Milton Roth was born March 19, 1933 in Newark, New Jersey, the grandson of European Jews who were part of the 19th-century wave of immigration to the United States.

He published his debut collection of short stories, Goodbye, Columbus, at the age of 26 – a close-to-the-bone look at the materialist values of the Jewish immigrant milieu in which grew up.

Although the work earned near-universal praise, and won the prestigious 1959 National Book Award, many Jews felt betrayed by what they saw as an unflattering depiction of the Jewish-American experience.

Two novels followed, but it was the third – Portnoy’s Complaint – that brought fame with its comic description of the sexual problems facing a young middle-class Jewish New Yorker burdened with a domineering and possessive mother.

The book topped The New York Times best-seller list for the year and turned its reclusive author into a celebrity – an uncomfortable position that he would later satirise in novels like Zuckerman Unbound (1981) and Operation Shylock (1993).

Readers have long argued over the true level of autobiography in Roth’s novels and the character Nathan Zuckerman, whose passage from aspiring young writer to socially compromised literary celebrity Roth traced in five novels, has generally been seen as the author’s alter ego.

Roth’s personal life was dragged into the spotlight following his messy breakup with British actress Claire Bloom, who painted a grim picture of life with her ex-husband in her 1996 memoir Leaving a Doll’s House.

In the words of his contemporary novelist John Updike: “As the wronged ex-wife of Philip Roth, she shows him to have been, as their marriage rapidly unraveled, neurasthenic to the point of hospitalization, adulterous, callously selfish and financially vindictive.”

Reportedly infuriated, Roth exacted revenge by caricaturing Bloom as a poisonous character in I Married a Communist.