A group of weather experts from the United Nations have warned that 2017 may prove the second-hottest year on record and based on the available facts, serious negotiations on international climate change have begun in Germany.
The year 2016 is adjudged the warmest while 2015 trailed behind.
According to the record, those years were up to an average 0.5 degrees Centigrade warmer than the period between 1981 to 2010.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) revealed its discovery in an annual State of the Climate report which showed that average global temperatures this year are 1.1 degrees Centigrade higher than the pre-industrial period.
Daniel Johnson said, “This year’s near-record temperatures have happened despite the absence of a powerful El Nino – the climatic phenomenon that’s associated with warmer seas, flash-floods and drought – which scientists say was behind unprecedented conditions seen in 2016.”
Omar Baddour, a senior scientist with the WMO, spoke with reporters in Geneva saying, “Last year if you remember we had a push-up by the strong El Nino event which boosted the long-term temperature beyond the long-term trend…And also if we consider comparable years which have not been influence by El Nino, 2017 is the warmest year not influenced by El Niño.
“The agency’s findings coincide with findings that carbon dioxide concentrations reached new highs in 2016 and increased at an unparalleled rate.
“In addition to focusing on global temperatures, the WMO report provides data on extreme weather events and long-term indicators of climate change, such as sea level rise, ocean acidification and Arctic sea ice melt.
“The findings will help discussions in the German city of Bonn where the Climate Change Conference got under way on Monday.
“The event is an opportunity for governments to push ahead with plans to implement the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement – and accelerate development that is sustainable, resilient and safe.”